Types of Depression (Most Common)
There are several different types of depression. I’ve got a number of them listed here.
The distinguishing features are symptoms, the severity of the symptoms, and the duration of how long they last.
Three of them that are categorized by the DSM, which is the Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, an American Psychiatric Association publication.
Those are the Major Depressive Disorder, Dysthymic Disorder, and Manic Depression.
Type of Depression-1 : Major Depressive Disorder
Major Depressive Disorder also known as major depression or clinical depression have symptoms that last for most of the day, nearly every day for at least two weeks, and it must have a number of additional symptoms, such as significant weight loss, difficulty in sleeping, difficulty thinking, and excessive feelings of guilt.
Type of Depression-2 : Dysthymic Disorder
Dysthymic Disorder refers to a nearly constant depressed mood for at least two years with additional symptoms, such as eating problems, sleeping problems, low energy, fatigue, and low self esteem.
Type of Depression-3 : Manic Depression
Manic Depression includes a period of mania and depression and there’s a cycling between these two states that is an identifying mark of this type of depression. There’s manic episodes where there’s inflated self esteem, decreased need for sleep, easily distracted, and someone that’s more talkative than usual characterizes this type of depression.
Type of Depression-4 : Post Partum Depression
Post Partum Depression is very common in women after they give birth, usually within four weeks of giving birth and varying in duration and severity.
Type of Depression-5 : Seasonal Affective Disorder
Seasonal Affective Disorder, also known as SAD, and is a seasonal disorder that reoccurs at a specific time of the year. Seasonal is the key word there. Typically, this would be in the fall or winter, which can be drearier months of the year.
Type of Depression-6 : Anxiety Depression
Anxiety depression is not an official depression type as defined by the DSM, but anxiety is often occurring at the same time as depression and an individual that exhibits lots of anxious symptoms may be diagnosed with this.
Type of Depression-7 : Atypical Depression
Atypical depression, which is a subtype of the Major Depressive Disorder, is characterized by a temporary improvement in mood and reaction to positive events in addition with other symptoms such as increase of weight, excess sleeping, a heavy feeling in the arms and legs, and also sensitivity to rejection.
Type of Depression-8 : Chronic Depression
Chronic Depression is a major depressive episode that lasts for at least two years.
Type of Depression-9 : Double Depression
Here, we’ve got Double Depression, which is someone that has Dysthymia. It is a chronic mild depression and the person also experiences a major depressive episode, more severe depressive symptoms lasting at least two weeks.
Type of Depression-10 : Endogenous Depression
Endogenous means from within the body and this type of depression is feeling depressed for no apparent reason. So it’s not an external thing. It’s considered to be endogenous.
Type of Depression-11 : Situational Depression
Situational or reactive depression, also known as Adjustment Disorder with Depressed Mood, develops in response to a particularly stressful situation or when someone is reacting to something, typically a relationship, and problems at work or school.
It does not meet the criteria for a Major Depressive Disorder and it’s something that is situational.
Type of Depression-12 : Agitated Depression
Depression is a kind of Major Depressive Disorder characterized with physical, emotional, restlessness, irritability, and insomnia. This is the opposite of many depressed individuals, who have low energy and feel slowed down physically or mentally.
Type of Depression-13 : Psychotic Depression
Psychotic Depression is a Major Depressive episode with psychotic symptoms, such as having hallucinations or delusions.
Type of Depression-14 : Melancholic Depression
Melancholic Depression involves a loss of pleasure in virtually all activities or mood and mood does not temporarily improve in response to a positive event. So, if something good happens to the person, you think they should be more upbeat. Someone who is suffering from melancholic depression would not experience that.
Type of Depression-15 : Catatonic Depression
Catatonic Depression is another subtype of a Major Depressive Disorder, as many of these are. It is characterized with a loss of voluntary movement, an inability to react to one’s environment. You think of someone that’s catatonic and they’re not responding to an environment or a stimulus, and they have extreme resistance to instructions or suggestions and they may be unwilling to speak. Those would be symptoms of catatonic depression.
So, as you can see, there are a lot of different forms of depression. You have the three major categories here. Many of these fall under a Major Depressive Disorder characterization. These are all important to understand and to know the differences of what can lead to each of these.